English Language, Literature & Culture

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Globalization, Orature and the Preservation of Animal Species: The Example of Conversation on Cross River Gorilla in Bechati Tradition

This study underscores the relevance of the transposable cultural practice of the Bechati people to the protection and preservation of the few surviving cross river gorillas this hub has and the environment as a whole. The work uses the sociological, eco critical and new historicist lenses to show how the Bechati practice identifies them in a global setting. The observatory, active participatory and interview methods used, shows the rich traditional knowledge systems in the practice which reinforces moral rectitude granted that, literature is not just a communicative art or philosophy but a condicio sine quanon for environmental protection. It concludes that, the lacunae currently animating cultural and environmental depletion inter-alia of humankind, to a considerable extent can be filled to a great extent by a sound and practical knowledge of the indigenous knowledge systems whose values are options to environmental challenges.

Culture, Globalization, Orature and Traditional Animal Protection

APA Style

Banda, T. (2024). Globalization, Orature and the Preservation of Animal Species: The Example of Conversation on Cross River Gorilla in Bechati Tradition. English Language, Literature & Culture, 9(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ellc.20240901.11

ACS Style

Banda, T. Globalization, Orature and the Preservation of Animal Species: The Example of Conversation on Cross River Gorilla in Bechati Tradition. Engl. Lang. Lit. Cult. 2024, 9(1), 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ellc.20240901.11

AMA Style

Banda T. Globalization, Orature and the Preservation of Animal Species: The Example of Conversation on Cross River Gorilla in Bechati Tradition. Engl Lang Lit Cult. 2024;9(1):1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ellc.20240901.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Administrative map of Cameroon, 'Situating Bechati,' Available from https://Fr.m.wikipedia.org accessed on the 12-07-23.
2. Tzvetan, Todorov and John Lyons. New literary History: What is Literature now? Vol. 38, No. 1. Johns Hopkins University Press. winter, 2007, pp13-32.
3. Onunwa, Udobata, “Humanism: The Bedrock of African Traditional Religion and Culture”. 1991, Vol. XXV, No. 2, Spring, Pp66–71.
4. Haywood, Charles. Folksongs of The World, The John Day Company, New York,1966.
5. Brysk, Alison. Globalization and Human Rights. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2022. Jick, Henry K. Folklore and National Development: Kom and Backweri Proverbs. Design House, Limbe, 2006.
6. Tanda, Vincent and Emmanuel Tabah. ‘The Impact of Globalization on African Languages and Orature’ in Emmanuel Chia, Kashim I. Tala and Henry K. Jick (eds) Globalization and the African Experience: Implications for Language, Literature and Education. Limbe: ANUCAM, 2005; p. 4.
7. Brighten, Tracy, ’Animal protection definition’, 2016, www.nal.usda.gov accessed on the 14-07-23.
8. Definition of animal protection,’ en..m.wikipedia.org accessed on the 14-07-23.
9. Takoyoh, Charles, ‘Literature, Culture- The Sustainability Connection From An African Perspective,’ 2021.
10. Online library of literary terms, 'Baker et al, ' www.ecomena.org accessed on the 15-07-23.
11. Bhattarai, Govinda, ’An Appraisal of Relation Between Culture And Literature,’ 2021.
12. Vansina, Jan, ‘0ral Tradition, Oral History: Achievements and Perspectives,’ in B, Bernard et al (eds), Fonti Orali, Oral Sources, FrancoAngeli, Milan, 1978. Pp59-74.
13. Zafar, Salman, 2021 ‘Literature and culture’ www.eolss.net/Eolss-sampleallchapters-aspx accessed on the 16-07-23.
14. Achebe, Chinua, Things Fall Apart, William Heinemann Publishing House, London, 1958.
15. Arcus Foundation, 'State of The Cross River Gorilla in the Tofala Island,' September 2022.
16. Etiendem, Denis, Heris Luc, and Zief Pereboom, ‘Traditional Knowledge Systems And The Conservation of Cross River Gorillas: A Case Study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon,’ 2007.
17. Sofola, Zulu. ‘The Artist and The Tragedy of Nation’ in Annual Journal of Nigerian Authors (ANA) Vol. 6. No. 8, 9 (1991): 23.
18. Tala, Kashim Ibrahim. The Critical Ideological Possibilities of African Orature. In Ze Amvela, E. and Nama, Charles (eds.) Epasa Moto: A Bilingual Journal of Languages, Letters and Culture. Buea, (1995): 155-169.
19. Ngara, Emmanuel. Art and Ideology in the African Novel. London: Heinemann, 1985.
20. Ogunjimi, Bayo. Literature and National Development. In Opata, D. U. and Ohaegbu, A. U. (eds.) Major Themes in African Literature. Nsukka: A P Express Publishers, 2000.
21. Conversation of Pa Ngwentazem of the 15-03-23.
22. Susan, Egbe. 'Personal conversation on Bechati's Future,' 19/07-23.
23. HRH Jerry, Nkemta. 'Personal interview on the Bechati Cultural Practice,' 15-04-2023.
24. Ngugi Wa Thiong’o. Moving the Centre: The Struggle for Cultural Freedoms. London: James Curry, 1993.
25. Ngwentazem Nkemta. 'Personal interview on Trapping and Bechati culture,' 15-07-23.
26. Rudolf, Ntsou. 'Personal conversation on globalization and trapping,' 17-07-2023.
27. Charles, Agbor. 'Personal interview on Bechati Culture,' 26-07-2023.
28. Gratitude, Egbe. 'Personal interview on Bechati culture and perspectives,' 20-07-23.
29. Confidence, Egbe. 'Personal interview on culture and preservation,' 20-07-23.
30. Tanda, Vincent and Emmanuel Tabah. ‘The Impact of Globalization on African Languages and Orature’ in Emmanuel Chia, Kashim I. Tala and Henry K. Jick (eds) Globalization and the African Experience: Implications for Language, Literature. and Education. Limbe: ANUCAM, 2005; p. 5.