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Research Article |

Allegorical Dissections of Capitalism: A Post-Modern Reading of José Saramago's The Cave

This research paper delves into José Saramago's The Cave (2000) to examine the intricate thematic landscape that highlights a reality dominated by the proliferation of replicas and appearances. These phenomena appear to challenge and potentially supersede traditional values, particularly those intertwined with familial and occupational relationships. Within this narrative, Saramago deftly crafts a world where the influence of neoliberalism supersedes all other guiding principles, giving rise to a new paradigm of meaning shaped by the omnipresence of replicas, thereby blurring the boundaries of the so-called real world. This paper endeavors to position Saramago's narrative firmly within the framework of postmodern allegory, shedding light on the broader cultural and philosophical implications of his work. This reading of the novel primarily reveals that the prevailing system in social relations and human consciousness is capitalism, where mechanisms of discipline enforce subservience through contracts that benefit the Center, as seen in the book involving Cipriano's goods. Saramago foreshadowed a surreal, digitally-focused reality with the allure of social media, exacerbated by the pandemic landscape. We are surrounded by simulacra and anesthetizing influences. Saramago's reinterpretation of Plato's cave allegory involves journeying into the cave to escape a world of illusion and surveillance. Interactions with others help us perceive ourselves, emphasizing human values and rationality while criticizing the reduction of human existence to profit generation and technological spectacles.

Allegory, Saramago, Capitalism, Post-Modern, Social Critique

APA Style

Krishnan, D. R., Dugaje, M. D. (2023). Allegorical Dissections of Capitalism: A Post-Modern Reading of José Saramago's The Cave. English Language, Literature & Culture, 8(4), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ellc.20230804.15

ACS Style

Krishnan, D. R.; Dugaje, M. D. Allegorical Dissections of Capitalism: A Post-Modern Reading of José Saramago's The Cave. Engl. Lang. Lit. Cult. 2023, 8(4), 115-121. doi: 10.11648/j.ellc.20230804.15

AMA Style

Krishnan DR, Dugaje MD. Allegorical Dissections of Capitalism: A Post-Modern Reading of José Saramago's The Cave. Engl Lang Lit Cult. 2023;8(4):115-121. doi: 10.11648/j.ellc.20230804.15

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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